Top 13 Maharatna Companies in India

The steady progress of Indian economy is taking place thanks to a number of companies in Indian economic horizon. The Maharatna companies are some of them. The Government of India has given them the status of “Maharatna” because of their high standing in the Indian business and financial world. In the growth of the country, they have significant contributions no doubt. Here we are going to discuss about all 13 of them and understand how they are impacting on the development of India.

Top Maharatna Companies in India

1. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL):


One of the biggest power industry engineering and manufacturing companies is BHEL. Since 1964, BHEL has led power generation, gearbox, and industrial solutions. Quality and innovation are the company’s goals. In the power business, BHEL’s cutting-edge solutions for the nation’s evolving energy needs are crucial. Power equipment design, engineering, and manufacturing by BHEL have improved India’s power infrastructure. The company’s sustainable development activities make it a responsible industrial player. BHEL actively connects its strategy with environmental issues to protect the nation’s ecosystem. BHEL’s sustainability efforts are forward-thinking in an environmentally conscious society.

2. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL):

Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) has led India’s oil and gas achievements since 1952. The energy supply chain is maintained by BPCL’s vast refining, marketing, and distribution of petroleum products. BPCL’s electrical sector performance is notable. Firm can provide 20,000 megawatts of power equipment yearly. This strategic move addresses the nation’s expanding need for advanced power generation. Innovation and efficiency helped BPCL win the Maharatna league. The company has climbed to the top of India’s Maharatna firms by adjusting to industry changes. BPCL’s technological innovation and energy infrastructure achievements earned them this prize.

3. Coal India Limited:

CIL dominates coal mining, supplying the nation’s energy needs. CIL has been the world’s largest coal producer since 1975, enhancing India’s energy security. The company’s steady coal supply has helped the nation’s energy self-sufficiency. CIL operates in India’s coal-rich central region from Kolkata and around. The coalfield reach of the corporation benefits regional and national economy. The Indian government recognised Coal India Limited a Maharatna for its energy contributions in April 2011. Being the world’s largest coal producer gives the company influence in India and abroad.

4. GAIL India Limited:

Natural gas giant GAIL India Limited has altered India’s gas infrastructure. GAIL, formed in 1984, boosts energy via natural gas discovery, production, processing, and distribution. GAIL prides itself on “Enhancing quality of life through clean energy and beyond.” since developing, maintaining, and running the Hazira Jagdishpur pipeline project. 14,488 km of natural gas pipelines show the company’s distribution efficiency. Despite its past triumphs, GAIL is building pipelines to expand its reach and natural gas leadership. GAIL has 70% of gas transportation projects and 50% of gas trade, demonstrating its vast effect. The company’s core business and renewable energy endeavours support sustainable energy. GAIL is investing in solar, wind, and biofuel to promote greener options. GAIL’s portfolio includes natural gas, petrochemicals, and liquid hydrocarbons. This diversification highlights the company’s overall energy strategy and involvement in energy sustainability.

5. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL):

Main refiner, marketer, and distributor of downstream oil and gas products HPCL is on the growth constantly. HPCL’s Mumbai location helps them dominate India’s energy business. After the Indian government purchased HPCL in 2017, it attained a milestone. HPCL’s energy infrastructure initiatives earned it Maharatna title in 2019. HPCL operates well with Mumbai and Visakhapatnam refineries. These hub refineries increase national refining capacity. The corporation placed 1217 on Forbes Worldwide 2000 in 2013, exhibiting its global presence. In addition to refining and distribution, HPCL studies and develops onshore and offshore hydrocarbon accumulation projects. HPCL develops petroleum projects to secure India’s energy future.

6. Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL):

Established in 1959, Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) is India’s largest commercial enterprise and important to energy security. Its oil and gas base stabilises the nation’s energy. Through its oil and gas operations, IOCL meets the nation’s energy needs. From refining to marketing and pipeline transportation, the company’s varied approach highlights India’s energy environment. IOCL operates countrywide refineries and retail stores. This network supports our energy infrastructure, allowing petroleum product production, distribution, and accessibility. India’s economic growth depends on IOCL’s smooth running of a critical sector that powers numerous companies and supports millions. IOCL’s pipeline transportation, refining, and marketing improve its industry position. The company’s pipes carry oil and gas nationwide like arteries.

7. NTPC Limited:

National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC) supplies India’s growing energy demands. NTPC has led coal and gas power generation since 1975, securing the nation’s energy future. Sustainability and technological innovation define the power industry leader. Hydropower and other renewables are explored by NTPC. Strategic diversification matches India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) to decrease carbon footprint by 33–35% by 2030 compared to 2005 UNFCCC levels. Diversified approach of NTPC extends beyond fossil fuel and renewable power. The company trades energy, trains power specialists, electrifies rural regions, and mines coal. NTPC’s diversified portfolio demonstrates its energy security and completeness.

8. Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC):

ONGC, formed in 1956, leads oil and gas exploration and production globally. ONGC has dominated India’s hydrocarbon industry with onshore and offshore exploration since its foundation. Hydrocarbon excellence has won the business a position among the Maharatna companies, highlighting its energy security and technical advancements. The Oil and Natural Gas Directorate—ONGC’s predecessor—managed India’s burgeoning oil and gas sector. The Directorate became the Oil & Natural Gas Commission in August 1956, a substantial development. The Oil and Natural Gas Commission became a Corporation in 1994, extending energy sector responsibility. The Union Government named ONGC Navratna for its energy initiatives in 1997. ONGC’s 2010 Maharatna designation was its greatest accomplishment as India’s largest crude oil and Natural Gas Company. Over 71% of domestic oil and natural gas production, ONGC dominates the energy landscape.

9. Power Finance Corporation (PFC):

Power Finance Corporation (PFC) has been vital to India’s power sector’s financial growth since 1986. PFC, a major financial institution, finances power projects that upgrade the nation’s power infrastructure. PFC aims to help India’s major energy initiatives. The company funds large energy initiatives to further the nation’s goals. PFC generates, transmits, and distributes power for sustainable, fair development. In addition to financing, PFC supports power sector growth and innovation. PFC successfully funds energy initiatives to help India become energy self-sufficient.

10. Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID):

The energy ecosystem depends on POWERGRID to transfer and distribute power nationwide. POWERGRID has managed the interstate transmission system, a huge transmission line network, and energy flow nationwide since 1986. Technological innovation and grid reliability distinguish POWERGRID in India’s power distribution network. Modern technology indicates the company’s dedication to efficiency and national electricity infrastructure. POWERGRID’s technological breakthrough helps India’s electricity industry. POWERGRID was named a Maharatna in October 2021 for its commercial accomplishments. This prize honours the company’s scale, influence, and energy security. POWERGRID’s $400 million Green Bond was a sustainability milestone in November 2017. This project helps the company’s global sustainability and environmentally responsible financial efforts.

11. Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL):

As a significant steel company, SAIL influences India’s infrastructure. Since 1973, SAIL has strategically located integrated steel factories throughout India, producing a broad range of high-quality steel products. SAIL, based in New Delhi, transcends governments. It operates five integrated steel mills in Bhilai, Rourkela, Durgapur, Bokaro, and Burnpur and three special steel plants in Salem, Durgapur, and Bhadravathi as India’s largest steel manufacturer. SAIL’s extensive network supplies the nation’s steel requirements and boosts regional economies. SAIL’s 1993, 2006, and 2007 “Best of All” Rajiv Gandhi National Quality Awards for Bhilai and Bokaro plants show its dedication to quality. These accolades show SAIL’s commitment to quality, bolstering its steel manufacturing leadership.

12. Rural Electrification Corporation Limited (RECL):

Starting in 1969, Rural Electrification Corporation Limited (REC) powers rural areas to assist the government achieve inclusive development. Power suppliers get critical financial assistance from REC to electrify rural regions, decreasing energy shortages and benefiting millions of lives. Power can alter communities, thus REC promotes rural electrification. REC funds rural electrification power utilities in rural India. This helps the government’s inclusive development goal and rural communities’ demand for reliable power. The company’s rural development strategy extends beyond monetary contributions. REC knows electricity boosts the economy. Beyond power generating, it provides rural education, healthcare, and economic opportunities.

13. Oil India Ltd:

Oil India Ltd., founded in 1959, explores and produces crude oil and natural gas in India. The company’s onshore and offshore oil and gas operations show its overall energy security strategy. Government-owned Oil India Ltd. (OIL) explores, develops, and produces petroleum. Sustainability and technological advances show the company’s dedication to India’s energy security and energy infrastructure. Located in Duliajan, Assam, OIL strategically sets its offices in Noida, Guwahati, and Jodhpur. This geographical spread stresses the company’s responsibility, responsiveness, efficiency, and regional participation in diverse surroundings.


When it comes to the best economic developments as per the standards of the country, these 13 Maharatna companies show their steady growth and prosperity in the passages of time. Be it steel manufacturing or energy production, they excel in their performance, proving better financial contribution, employment opportunities, and options for investments. In the comin years, as anticipated, these companies will be prospering all the more.

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